"Relcom" (eng. Relcom, short for Reliable Communications — "reliable communications") — the first Soviet and Russian computer network, the creation of which is usually associated with the emergence of the Internet in the USSR and the further emergence of the so-called Runet. Network "Relcom" began work in the summer of 1990 on the basis of the Institute of atomic energy. I. V. Kurchatov in Moscow, connecting computers in scientific institutions of Moscow, Leningrad and Novosibirsk with the help of analog telephone modems (for e-mail transmission via the UUCP Protocol). It operated in conjunction with the programming of the cooperative "demos" (soon to become the first Russian Internet service provider).
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